Rodents are divided into three groups as drain mouse, roof mouse and house mouse. Such pests not only create a health threat to the public but also carry dangerous and harmful diseases, which can also cause significant damage to the buildings that they decide to invade.
Our rodent control program has very important steps:
- A thorough inspection to identify the species, where they're nesting, and what factors are attracting them.
- Creating effective sanitation so that rodents are denied both food and hiding places.
- Eliminating all potential entry points.
- Reducing thepopulation by applying poison, bait, and traps.
Appearance is small and slender, 5cm long, with large ears, small eyes and pointed nose; light brown or light grey; droppings are rod-shaped. Their feces is as small as a rice piece and oval shape and black colour. Habits that nest within structures and burrow; establish a "territory" near food sources, generally 10-30 feet from nest; inquisitive, but very wary; excellent climbers,jumpers. They can jump almost 4m2 down. Diet type is omnivorous, prefer cereal grains. Prolific breeders at two months ; can have litters as often as every 40-50 days, with four to seven young per litter, 5-10 times birth giving and live up to one year. Feed 15 to 20 times per day ; can squeeze through a hole one-fourth inch wide ; carry many serious diseases such as.
Appearance is brown, heavy-bodied, six to eight inches long; small eyes and ears blunt nose; tail is shorter than head and body; fur is shaggy; droppings are capsule-shaped. Mature rat's height is 18-25 cm and 200-600 gr. Habits that nest in underground burrows, from which they enter buildings in search of food; tend to remain in hiding during the day. Diet type is omnivorous but prefers meats; cannot survive long without water.Reaches sexual maturity in two months; can breed any 3 to 6 months of the year;litter may number from eight to twelve; females can have four to seven litters per year; adults live as long as one year. They usually like chewing through electrical wires. Most common rats are limited agility, but excellent swimmer; carrier of many serious diseases.
Appearance is black or brown, seven to ten inches long, with a long tail and large ears and eyes, with a pointed nose; body is smaller and sleeker than Norway rat; fur is smooth. Habits that nests inside and under buildings, or in piles of rubbish or wood; excellent climber; can often be found in the upper parts of structures. Diet is omnivorous but shows a preference for grain, fruits, nuts and vegetables. Becomes sexually mature at four months; 6 litters per year; four to eight young per litter; live up to one year.Very agile; can squeeze through openings only 1/2 inch wide; carry many serious diseases,such as Salmonella, Rabies, Brucellosis very dangerously.
Flying pests, houseflies, mosquitoes and cubes are in 3 groups. They are laying eggs on water mites and landfills, which are fed by landfills, garbage and decomposing organic wastes.
Their diet type is for house flies are garbage and rotten waste. They are usually seen in filthy, muddy places, marshes, and cotes. They also leave larvae in sewer, garbage and dirty water. The mouth shape is not suitable to bite that they are nourished by licking up. They are different from the other flies that spreading diseases not by biting. They carry millions of germs with their legs from one to other. Fly distance is up to 4 km. The most important speciality is Housefly is the less effected insect type by chemicals that not as bed bug, scorpion, cockroach, flea.
Mosquitoes are busiest at night and will fly up to 14 miles for a blood meal. They hunt for food by detecting body heat and Carbon Dioxide, the gas we breathe out.Mosquitoes breed in soft, moist soil or stagnant water sources such as storm drains, old tires, children's wading pools and birdbaths. Best known as a summer pest, Mosquitoes can develop from egg to adult in 10 to 14 days.
Sand flies prefer living in hot climate such as Mediterranean. Only female species are having blood to survive and mature species look like Mosquito. They are usually not great fliers so it makes them stay close where they breed. Sand flies hide themselves during the day and active at night, when they bite they leave red, swallowed itchy skin with pain. Asfemale sand flies lay an egg once a year and die, some of them rarely circulate this term more than once. Larvae and eggs grow in dirty water and waste or marsh.
Crawling insects are mostly known as German cockroach, American cockroach, oriental coackroach, black-ground beetle, ant, bedbug, fleas and millepede.
Adults are about (10 -- 12 mm) long. Colour light brown to tan except for 2 dark, almost parallel longitudinal stripes/bars/streaks on the pronotal shield. Females are darker than male. The German Cockroaches have wings, yet they do not fly. Rate of increase in population is directly proportionate to food and harbourage conditions. Each female will produce about 35 to 40 eggs per case. Development time usually 18 days. Cockroaches can breed from 8 to 10 times a year. They are usually found in kitchens and secondarily in bathrooms, but infestations often occur in rooms where people eat and drink. As they like darkness humidity, appear at nights and usually stay in boiler room, cellar and stockroomas their harbourages. All Cockroaches prefer to live in unsanitaryenvironments so they cause food poisoning, tuberculosis, hepatitis, rabid disease.
American cockroach grows to an average length of around 2-3 cm. They are reddish brown, winged and the biggest sort of the family. They have ability of eating what human being cannot, and survive 15 months. Lives in humid, hot and insanitary placesthey are very active night insect that shuns light. They are often seen in kitchens, around bathrooms, basically live where the food and people. It is known fact that individual struggle is hard. Struggling individually wastes money and time without asking for help from professional.
German Cockroach shape is oval, usually shiny black colour or very dark brown. They grow to an average length of around 25-30 mm. Female has oval male is relatively thinner shape. They prefer living in basement, building gap, underground sewer and indoors. They can live up to 6 months. Diet type is basically everything from food to material. They do carry wide range of disease and contaminate too. As they need hot, water and food, live where people settled. Especially kitchens and bathrooms are their harbourage. Being used to living in tough conditions make them strong for that reason preventing their increase has to be professional. Cockroaches can pick up disease-causing bacteria like tuberculosis, hepatitis, food poisoning and asthma.
This ground beetle can grow a little over half an inch long. (1-1.5 cm) It is nearly all black with some dark reddish-brown colouring on antennae and legs. Many grooves run and lives up to 6 months. When the weather gets hotter, they even travel to the next buildings and carry all disease with. According to their nature and basic needs they are active to where people live for food and water especially kitchen and bathrooms. But still main place is sewer, basement, storage rarely indoor. Hiding themselves into little crack and holes and come out in dark. In one night distance they can make is almost 4,5 km. Dysentery, Food Poisoning, Tuberculosis , Gastroenteritis, Antrax, Phonomi is some of the diseases they have.
Working class ants are the most crowded population. Due to this; providing food, defence, nest making and feeding the family is on their list. Queen ant's proliferation system is highly improved. They only leave eggs. Male ants are remarkably slimmer than the others. They instinctively stop leaving eggin Septembers. Many species stores food especially grain and carry them to nests. They always have been annoying for resident at home. Ants are social insects so they live in large colonies or groups. For this reason getting rid of them is more difficult part. The point is finding the queen ant and eliminating it is starting of clearing them. They do nest indoor winter time and outdoor summer time.
Their feeding habit is on human mammals and birds blood absorbing. Mature ones 4-5mm long, oval shaped, reddish brown colouring. Ant's smell is repulsive,and takes days to store the blood in their body. If it requires that one feeding themselves with blood will be enough without having again to survive all year. Bed bugs leaves red, blistered skin after bite and cause itches. Usually they are not contagious virus vector.
There are many species of flea, but most are 2-3mm long and red or brown in colour. Adult fleas pierce the skin of mammals and rodents to feed onblood. Flea life time is from a few weeks to a year and they can jump 200 times more by having long legs. They play a key role to spread pestilence. Once they kill the rodent,spare themselves from the skin and jump to human and carry the diseases. Also Typhus and Tularemi diseases are another flea infectious.
Millepede generally lives on floor, balconies, basement, humid place, under leaves and in midden. Height is between 3- 7 cm. They like hiding in warmer and humid spots. Their growing process completes in between 75 -- 150 days. They need to be found out where they leave and feed professionally then has to take under control.